Ders Konuları

Simple Present

 

özne be (am, is, are) yüklem olarak v3  
I am warned by my father.
A fish is caught by my brother.
Apples are picked by the farmer.

 

 

 

Hem active, hem de passive cümlede özne-yüklem uyumuna dikkat etmeliyiz.

The student solves all the problems.

All the problems are solved by the student.

İlk cümlede, özne tekil idi. Passive cümlenin öznesi çoğul olduğu için, "are" kullanmalıyız. Unutmayalım ki, her cümle kendi içinde uyumlu olmalıdır.

Aşağıdaki verilen ve geniş zamanı ifade eden İngilizce cümle örneklerine dikkat edelim. 

 

My mother plants flowers in the garden every year.

Flowers are planted in our garden every year.

 

The naughty child is warned.

 

We remember our teachers on teachers day every year.

Teachers are remembered on teachers day every year.

 

People of İstanbul don't speak French.

French isn't spoken by the people of İstanbul.

 

Don't your teachers teach you history?

Isn't history taught to you by your teachers?

Aren't you taught history by your teachers?

 

What do the children play?

What is played by the children?