BEGINNER
ELEMENTARY
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INTERMEDIATE
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UPPER INTERMEDIATE
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Ders Konuları

Unit 7 - Hygiene

Germs live in dirty places. Germs make you sick. You can't see them with bare eyes but you can see them on a microscope.

 

 

Wash your hands carefully before meals.
Brush your teeth after meals.
Comb your hair everyday.
Take showers frequently
Bu gibi cümlelerde, özne bulunmadığı halde ikinci tekil şahsa söylendiğini anlayabiliyoruz. Bu kullanım ile tavsiye veya emir verebiliyoruz. Diğer tavsiye yöntemleri de şöyledir:
 
-I am bored.
-Why don't you read a book?
 
-I am hungry.
-Why don't you make a sandwich
 
-I don't feel very good.
-Why don't you go to a doctor?
 
Bu sorularda gördüğümüz "why don't you...." öbeğini soruya cevap almak için değil, tavsiye vermek için kullanırız.

 

En sık kullanılan tavsiye verme yöntemi, "should" ile "shouldn't" kelimeleri iledir.

I have got a headache.
You should take an asprin.
I have got a backache.
You should lie down. You shouldn't lift heavy things.
I have got a stomachache.
You should go to a doctor.
I have got a toothache.
You should go to a dentist.
I have got a sore throat.
You shouldn't shout.
I have got a cough.
You should take cough medicine.
I have got a cold.
You should wear thick clothes.
I have got flu.
You should stay in bed and rest.
 

 

Bu kelimeler cümleye "yapmalısın"  veya "yapmamalısın" şeklinde tavsiye manası katıyor.
You should brush your teeth every day.
You should eat a lot of vegetables.
It is rainy today. We should take an umbrella.
Ahmet and Ali are very tired. They should rest.
I should study hard.

 

İngilizce konuşurken birisine birşey yapmamasını tavsiye etmek için "shouldn't" kullanırız. "shouldn't", "should not" kelimelerinin kısaltılmış halidir. Her iki şekilde de kullanılabilir.
You should not talk in the classroom.
We shouldn't drop litter on the street.
We shouldn't take any medicine without seeing a doctor.
It is rainy today. We should not go out without our raincoats.

 

-You look angry. What's the matter?
-I want to go to a movie but I can't go to the cinema. I have homework.
-You should do your homework. Why don't you get a video later?
-You're right.