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Ders Konuları

Unit 4 - Lesson 1 - Holiday Places

I love the seaside because I love swimming. I love Antalya and İzmir.

 

 

I prefer a hotel by the sea because it is more exciting. I like forests too but I like beaches more than forests.

 

İngilizce konuşma dilinde İzin istemenin ve vermenin en nazik yolu, "may" sözcüğüyledir.
-May I come in?
-Of course, please come in.
 
 
-May I use your phone?
-Sure, the phone is on the table.

 

 

"Could" sözcüğü de, izin istemek, nazik rica da bulunmak için kullanılabilir.
Could I open the window?
Could you give me directions to the library?

 
Ayrıca "could" sözcüğü öneride bulunmak için de kullanılabilir.
Let's go to the park.
We could go to the park.

 

 

Nazikçe bir şey istemek, veya birisine nazikçe bir şey teklif etmek için "would" kelimelesini kullanabiliriz. Would, "'d"olarak kısaltılabilir.
Would you pass me the salt?
Would you help me with this suitcases?
Would you come with me to the game?

 

Would kelimesinin en sık karşılaştığımız kullanımı, "would like" kalıbıyladır. "would like" mana olarak "want" fiili ile aynıdır.
Would you like some chocalate?
I would like some tea.       
I would like to make a reservation.

 

-Hello, welcome to our travel agency, How can I help you?
-Hello, I would like to go on a holiday to Antalya on the tenth of May.
-Okay, let's have a look. Hmm there are many hotels in Antalya but there are no available rooms that day. What about the next week? Is seventeenth of May okay for you?
-Yes, I think it is okay. Could you look for a four star hotel near the beach?
-Of course. The Sunshine Hotel is a very good hotel and it has free rooms. Here is a picture of the hotel.
-It looks very good. I'd like to make a reservation for this hotel on the seventeenth of May.
-Allright, may I have your name, please?
-My name is Cem Yılmaz.
-Allright Mr. Yılmaz. Please sign here. Would you like to book your flight if you are going to go by plane?
-No, I think I'll go by car. Thank you.
-Have a nice holiday Mr. Yılmaz.

 

 

Would you like to go to Kuşadası this summer?
Could you tell me your address Mr. Joyner?
Could we stay in a five star hotel, Frank?
Would you check your mailbox Mr. Joyner?
May I ask you about your arrival date?

 

 

I sometimes leave short notes for my family when I go out.
Jason's note is for Mary. Jason goes to the museum without telling Mary because she is sleeping. He leaves a note instead of waking her.

 

First they must turn right into Atatürk Street. They must walk straight for a bit, then turn right at the park. They must walk straight and the cafe will be on their left.

 

-I'm at the hospital and I want to go to the shopping centre. Could you give me directions?
-Sure. Go out of the hospital's front door, then turn right into Atatürk Street. Walk straight for a bit, then turn left. The shopping centre will be on your right.
-I would like to go to the park after shopping. Could you give me directions to the park too?
-Of course, after shopping, go out of the shopping center and turn left. Next, turn right at the corner.  It's  Atatürk Street. Walk straight and finally turn right into the first street. The park will be on your right.
-Thanks!
-No problem.

 

Bu ünitede, geçmiş zamandan bahsediliyor.
Geçmiş zamanı anlatmak için, isim cümlelerinde "was" ve "were" yardımcı fiillerini kullanırız.
Kullanımları aynı "am, is, are" gibidir.  "am, is, are" ile geniş zamanı ifade ediyorduk.
"was" tekil şahıslar için, yani "am, is" yerine;
"were" de çoğul şahıslar için, yani "are" yerine kullanılır.

 

I
am
a student.
I
was
a student last year.
He
She
It
is
a doctor in this hospital.
He
She
It
was
a doctor in this hospital two months ago.
We
You
They
are
at home.
We
You
They
were
at home last night.

Soru cümlelerinde yardımcı fiili başa alınır.

Was it rainy yesterday?
Were you at the office yesterday?
Who was that man?
Was your car a red Ford?
 

 
Bu tense ile en sık kullanılan zaman belirteçleri; "yesterday", "last (week, month)", "(two days, an hour, three monts) ago"
yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, last month, last week, 2 years ago, six months ago

 
Olumsuz cümleler de önceki konularda gördüğümüz şekilde yapılıyor. "Was" yerine "wasn't"; "were" yerine de "weren't" kullanırız.
It wasn't snowy last week.
She wasn't at the party last Saturday.
Why weren't you at school yesterday?

 

Konuyu hızlıca anlattık; daha detaylı anlatımı dilbilgisi bölümünde burada bulabilirsiniz.

 

 

The cushions were on the armchair before the theft. There were two rugs before the theft. The DVD player was below the TV. The laptop was on the table before the theft, not yesterday.
 
The flowerpot was next to the sofa but now it is near the table.